Last wholesale Boat Out of Shanghai: The Epic Story of the Chinese Who Fled Mao's wholesale Revolution outlet sale

Last wholesale Boat Out of Shanghai: The Epic Story of the Chinese Who Fled Mao's wholesale Revolution outlet sale

Last wholesale Boat Out of Shanghai: The Epic Story of the Chinese Who Fled Mao's wholesale Revolution outlet sale
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The dramatic real life stories of four young people caught up in the mass exodus of Shanghai in the wake of China’s 1949 Communist revolution—a heartrending precursor to the struggles faced by emigrants today. 

“A true page-turner . . . [Helen] Zia has proven once again that history is something that happens to real people.”—New York Times bestselling author Lisa See

NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY NPR AND THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR • FINALIST FOR THE PEN/JACQUELINE BOGRAD WELD AWARD FOR BIOGRAPHY

Shanghai has historically been China’s jewel, its richest, most modern and westernized city. The bustling metropolis was home to sophisticated intellectuals, entrepreneurs, and a thriving middle class when Mao’s proletarian revolution emerged victorious from the long civil war. Terrified of the horrors the Communists would wreak upon their lives, citizens of Shanghai who could afford to fled in every direction. Seventy years later, members of the last generation to fully recall this massive exodus have revealed their stories to Chinese American journalist Helen Zia, who interviewed hundreds of exiles about their journey through one of the most tumultuous events of the twentieth century. From these moving accounts, Zia weaves together the stories of four young Shanghai residents who wrestled with the decision to abandon everything for an uncertain life as refugees in Hong Kong, Taiwan, and the United States.

Benny, who as a teenager became the unwilling heir to his father’s dark wartime legacy, must decide either to escape to Hong Kong or navigate the intricacies of a newly Communist China. The resolute Annuo, forced to flee her home with her father, a defeated Nationalist official, becomes an unwelcome exile in Taiwan. The financially strapped Ho fights deportation from the U.S. in order to continue his studies while his family struggles at home. And Bing, given away by her poor parents, faces the prospect of a new life among strangers in America. The lives of these men and women are marvelously portrayed, revealing the dignity and triumph of personal survival.

Herself the daughter of immigrants from China, Zia is uniquely equipped to explain how crises like the Shanghai transition affect children and their families, students and their futures, and, ultimately, the way we see ourselves and those around us. Last Boat Out of Shanghai brings a poignant personal angle to the experiences of refugees then and, by extension, today.

“Zia’s portraits are compassionate and heartbreaking, and they are, ultimately, the universal story of many families who leave their homeland as refugees and find less-than-welcoming circumstances on the other side.”—Amy Tan, author of The Joy Luck Club

Review

“Blending the personal with pivotal world history, Zia succeeds in creating a universal, timeless story. . . . Gathered, analyzed, and distilled with insight and meticulous documentation, Zia’s book gives voice to a history almost lost.” The Christian Science Monitor

“A deftly woven, deeply moving chronicle of the extraordinary ordeals of four ordinary Chinese in a world torn by war and fractured by ideology . . . a fascinating read as an intimate family memoir, as well as a missing chapter of modern history finally coming to light . . . What makes the Shanghai story unique . . . is that we didn’t really know the story. Except in some films and novels that make passing references to this episode of Chinese history—often as a nostalgic backdrop, equivalent to a crowd scene in cinematic terms—the real human cost of the massive exodus has remained a mystery. Official records, if any, are suppressed, and research in this area has been sketchy. In this sense, Helen Zia’s new book,  Last Boat Out of Shanghai: The Epic Story of the Chinese Who Fled Mao’s Revolution . . . fills a gap in our collective memory.” San Francisco Chronicle

“Beautifully crafted, carefully researched . . .  Last Boat Out of Shanghai is an engaging work of high-quality popular history. It has things to offer not just to general readers with little knowledge about the city’s intriguing past, but even to specialists. . . . Ms. Zia lets us eavesdrop on the conversations in ‘hushed voices’ of several people whose childhoods are brought vividly to life. . . .  Last Boat Out of Shanghai is so good I’ll certainly need to add it to the syllabus for my class. That means something else will have to go—or my students will simply have four hundred more pages of fascinating reading.” —Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom, The Wall Street Journal

“The dramatic story of four young people who were among the thousands fleeing China after 1949’s Communist revolution. Eye-opening.” People

“Zia’s portraits are compassionate and heartbreaking, and they are, ultimately, the universal story of many families who leave their homeland as refugees and find less-than-welcoming circumstances on the other side. I read with a personal hunger to know the political and personal exigencies that led to those now-or-never decisions, for they mirror the story of my own mother, who also left on virtually the last boat out of Shanghai.” —Amy Tan, author of The Joy Luck Club

“I have long been an admirer of Helen Zia’s writing and scholarship, but Last Boat Out of Shanghai is at a whole new level. It’s a true page-turner. Zia has proven once again that history is something that happens to real people. I stayed up late reading night after night, because I wanted to know what would happen to Benny, Ho, Bing, Annuo, and their friends and families.” —Lisa See, author of The Tea Girl of Hummingbird Lane

About the Author

Helen Zia is the author of Asian American Dreams: The Emergence of an American People, a finalist for the Kiriyama Pacific Rim Book Prize (Bill Clinton referred to the book in two separate Rose Garden speeches). Zia is the co-author, with Wen Ho Lee, of My Country Versus Me: The First-Hand Account by the Los Alamos Scientist Who Was Falsely Accused of Being a Spy. She is also a former executive editor of Ms. magazine. A Fulbright Scholar, Zia first visited China in 1972, just after President Nixon’s historic trip. A graduate of Princeton University, she holds an honorary doctor of laws degree from the City University of New York School of Law and lives in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Excerpt. © Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.

Chapter 1

Benny

Age 9

Shanghai, August 14, 1937

Racing north on the treelined French concession side of Avenue Haig, a nimble boy weaved his way around the sidewalk’s throngs, dodging ahead of basket-­laden shoppers and old men out for an afternoon stroll. He barely glanced at the hawkers with their motley goods spread out on the pavement or the threadbare beggars cross-­legged on the hard ground, their bony hands extended to passersby for some pity and a coin.

With his unruly black hair, his knee socks bunched at the ankles, and the tail of his white shirt climbing out of his short pants, there was still no mistaking this child for a street urchin making off with something pilfered. Benny Pan was lithe and strong, his skin fair and his cheeks ruddy with a healthy glow. More telling was his open, confident manner, his eyes wide without a trace of guile. He could have been any child of the city’s sizable middle class of professionals and service workers who tended to the giant metropolis. He might have even been a scion of Shanghai’s bourgeoisie, the newly rich Chinese capitalists who had taken over the sectors of industry and commerce not already controlled by the foreigners. Or, most exclusive of all, his family could have been compradors, the Chinese who served as trusted go-­betweens for the rich and powerful foreign taipans, the European and American empire builders whose vast wealth derived from the opium trade. In return for being their agents, the compradors were richly rewarded with the money and access to power that were held only by the foreigners in treaty port cities like Shanghai, concessions established after China failed in its effort to halt the opium traffic.

For this privileged child of Shanghai, the broad expanse of Avenue Haig was a playground. Its wide, curving lanes formed the western border of the French Concession, where he lived. He could ride his bike northward on the avenue into the British-­run International Settle­ment to the elite American missionary institutions: McTyeire School, St. John’s University, and St. Mary’s Hall; his parents had attended the latter two and expected him to study at St. John’s one day. A mile to the south was St. Ignatius Cathedral and its towering spires.

Benny had explored all points of interest on the east side of Avenue Haig. He was forbidden, however, to cross to the west side of that border street, an area of contested jurisdiction. Shanghai’s foreign settlements stood as virtual islands inside China’s sovereign territory, allowed to rule themselves with foreign laws—­an arrangement forced upon China by the British and Americans after their “gunboat diplomacy” defeated the Qing dynasty emperor in the Opium Wars of the mid-­1800s. Though the boundaries of the foreign-­ruled enclaves were clearly delimited by treaty, over the years the British had continued to push out roads, country estates, luxurious villas, schools, country clubs, hunting grounds, and a racetrack beyond the border and into the “extra-­boundary” or “extra-­settlement” areas, all against China’s objections. In this zone of ambiguous jurisdiction, gambling houses, opium dens, brothels, and gangsters also flourished, just out of reach of British or French police. The area was so lawless and dangerous that it was known to locals as the Badlands. Benny’s father forbade the boy to cross Avenue Haig into the crime-ridden Badlands.

On rare occasions, Benny accompanied his father, an accountant and officer in the police auxiliary, into those nether reaches. At such times Benny saw for himself the stark conditions of the Chinese sections: dilapidated shacks and squalid tenements reeking of raw sewage and general decay, overcrowded with people in tattered clothing who navigated the unpaved lanes in rope sandals or bare feet. These were the city’s laboring people, who toiled in the factories and carried the backbreaking loads, pulling the rickshaws, carts, and pedicabs. But at least they had roofs over their heads, his father would note, unlike the homeless beggars and refugees forced to sleep in any vacant patch they could find. Boys like Benny could be kidnapped for ransom—­or worse—­in those dangerous areas, his parents sternly cautioned.

They needn’t have worried, for Benny was not the sort to defy his parents’ wishes. He found plenty to keep himself occupied in his neighborhood on the east side of Avenue Haig, where the extremes of Shanghai society collided in curious ways. With two hospitals nearby, afflicted and frightening-­looking unfortunates lingered on the sidewalks each day, hoping to be treated before they expired. None of that was shocking to Benny. After all, his amah had taught him from the moment he could walk, “If you see a dead body on the street, just go the other way.” That was a simple rule of self-­preservation in this unforgiving metropolis where abject misery coexisted with unabashed opulence.

On this day, Benny noticed something different in the usual assemblage of deformity and disease lined up at one of the hospitals. Several people had fresh wounds to their heads and faces or bloodied rags wrapped around twisted or missing limbs. Startled, he realized they might be casualties from the battle with Japan that had begun the day before on the north side of the city in Zhabei, a Chinese section. At any other time, his curiosity might have slowed him for a better look. But he was in too much of a rush to get home: He had to tell his mother what he had just seen in the sky.

As Benny approached a busy intersection, a tall, bearded police officer standing in a kiosk above the street raised his baton, forcing the boy and the traffic to an abrupt halt. “Phooey,” he declared in the American accent that he had learned at school. The swarthy, bearded cop wore a standard-­issue khaki police uniform—­topped by a telltale red turban. He was a Sikh, one of a few hundred warriors that the British brought from their India colony to be cops in Shanghai. Hong du ah sei—­red-­hatted monkey—­was the disparaging name that local Shanghainese gave these fierce Sikhs.

Near Benny, some pedicab drivers and their well-­dressed foreign passengers pulled to a stop. The sick and infirm nearest the foreigners thrust their hands out for alms. One was a boy about his own age with no legs, only stumps, while an old woman had just one eye. Benny knew instantly that the foreigners must be longtimers in Shanghai since no one flinched or displayed even the slightest dismay at the appalling humanity beside them.

When the red-­hatted traffic cop finally waved them on, Benny spied a fox pelt on the shoulders of one of the yellow-­haired women. Its glass-­eyed head bounced with each lurch of the pedicab before disappearing through the gates of the German country club off Avenue Haig. As the little fox head bobbled out of sight, Benny’s eye caught something else: a red band adorned with a black swastika on the arm of a pale-­faced foreigner in one of the pedicabs. He recognized the symbol from the flags that were cropping up with greater frequency on the German buildings in his neighborhood. To the boy, it was just another foreign curiosity in his international city.

Soon he reached the gate leading to his neighborhood, the Da­sheng lilong, a Shanghai-­style enclosed residential complex that was popular with both foreigners and well-­to-­do Chinese. Just outside the gate, the proprietor of his favorite bookstall called out to him: “Benny, come have a look!” The boy raised an arm in greeting without pausing for his customary scan of the latest magazines and comic books. Turning, he nearly slammed into an old man whose heavy baskets of neatly stacked bitter melons dangled from the pole that he balanced on one shoulder.

“Damn you, little devil,” he snarled.

By then Benny had already mumbled, “Excuse me” as he passed by the heavy iron gate and dozing watchman into the narrow lanes of his lilong. He stopped only after reaching the thick green door of a three-­story building attached to its neighbors on each side.

Once inside the mosaic-­tiled vestibule, he shouted: “Mother! Amah! The Japanese are coming!”

“Young Master, be quiet or you’ll wake Little Brother and Little Sister!” his amah scolded.

A slender woman appeared from behind a polished wood-­paneled door. Her movement was so graceful that the air seemed undisturbed by her approach. As usual, she looked impeccable in a stylish qipao dress, with her hair knotted in a neat chignon. “Long-­Long, what are you so excited about?” she asked with a puzzled look. She addressed the boy by his nickname, Little Dragon, chosen because he was born in 1928, during the Year of the Dragon, the most powerful creature of the Chinese zodiac.

“I saw them, Mother. I saw the planes! The Japanese planes are flying to the Waitan!” he shouted, referring to the famous Bund by its Chinese name.

His mother gently brushed the hair from his face with her fingers. Before she could reply, an unmistakable boom shook the quiet of the house. “See, Mother? Let’s go look from the roof!” He was already dashing up the three flights of stairs, his mother not far behind. As they climbed, they could hear another loud boom in the distance. On the roof, they ducked under the drying laundry to reach the open patio where fragrant gardenias and peonies bloomed in large pots. ­Toward the east, plumes of black smoke rose above the cityscape near the tall Broadway Mansions, a clear landmark.

“The Japanese must be bombing Zhabei, just like on 1-­2-­8!” he ventured, using the colloquial shorthand for the date January 28, 1932, which was seared into the minds of schoolchildren and grown-­ups alike because of the infamous Japanese attack on Shanghai that day, just five years earlier.

Throughout the country, Chinese were seething with outrage at Japan’s most recent aggressions. Their island neighbor had launched numerous “incidents”—­as Tokyo euphemistically called their incursions on Chinese soil—­each bolder than the last. In 1931 Japan had invaded Manchuria, with its rich coal and mineral reserves, in China’s northeast, locking in its control after installing a puppet government with Puyi, the deposed last emperor of China, to be the region’s figurehead ruler. Such puppets would become Japan’s model for occupation in China.

The Chinese Nationalist government had protested these incidents at the League of Nations to no avail. Just one month earlier, on July 7, 1937, Japan had staged another aggression—­this time in Beijing at Lukouqiao, known to Westerners as the Marco Polo Bridge. Frustrated Chinese leaders had been calling on Generalissimo Chiang Kai-­shek to respond decisively to Japan in a united front that included the Communists. But instead of confronting Japan, he seemed focused on eliminating the Reds. Only the year before, in 1936, one of Chiang’s own generals had precipitated a national crisis by kidnapping him, to force the generalissimo to stand up to Japan. Finally, after this latest provocation in Beijing, Chiang’s army was fighting back—­with Shanghai as the battleground.

Just beyond the gates of his lilong, Benny could hear newspaper hawkers barking out the latest headlines each day. Usually, he paid them no mind, letting their voices blend into the din. But in recent weeks, more than three hundred thousand Nationalist soldiers had been mobilized to the countryside surrounding Shanghai. Young boys like Benny who lived in the protected foreign enclaves with little fear of attack were thrilled at the prospect of soldiers, weaponry, and the coming showdown.

This new battle for Shanghai had been launched only the day before, on Friday, August 13, 1937. The sound of distant artillery reverberated through the city. Could it be that Japan was mounting an air attack on Shanghai? That would explain the low-­flying aircraft.

Five years earlier, many residents in the foreign concessions had watched from their rooftops as that previous battle with Japan had raged in the nearby Chinese sections. Mesmerized, they had oohed and aahed at the glowing cannon fire and ensuing infernos as though they were spectators at the races. This time would be no different—­or so everyone thought. After all, the French consul still ruled the French Concession, and the British and Americans governed the International Settlement through the Shanghai Municipal Council. In addition to the British, Americans, and French, there were tens of thousands of foreigners from nearly every European country living in these two jurisdictions, as well as thousands of Japanese civilians. No one imagined that the Tokyo government would want to fight Britain or America or that it would risk killing off its own nationals living in Shanghai. That’s why Chinese from surrounding areas habitually ran to the foreign concessions in troubled times and why families like Benny’s who could afford to live anywhere chose to live among Shanghai’s many foreigners.

From their rooftop, Benny’s mother gazed out toward the billowing smoke and nearby landmarks. Her face turned pale. “Oh no, Long-­Long! Those fires aren’t in Zhabei. They’re inside the International Settlement!”

Around them, other rooftop patios were filling with people, all straining for a glimpse. Someone shouted, “The Waitan has been bombed. Smoke is rising from the Cathay Hotel!” The pyramid-­shaped copper roof of the ten-­story hotel was the showpiece of Victor Sassoon, one of Shanghai’s most prominent Jewish businessmen. A stunned murmur of disbelief arose from the observers—­the presumed shield over the foreign concessions had been shattered.

As they watched intently, another small plane appeared. A man with binoculars on a nearby building suddenly shouted, “Those planes have Chinese insignia on their sides—­the blue, red, and white of the Republic of China! They’re our planes, not Japan’s!” The onlookers gasped as more bombs fell, their thunderous blasts reverberating in the air.

Just then the plane veered west toward Avenue Haig, and Long-­Long’s mother pulled him from the roof. “Hurry. It’s not safe up here,” she said, dragging the boy inside as he wriggled for a better view.

Back downstairs, Benny ran from window to window to see if any soldiers were coming down the streets. With his mother and amah busy gathering up his sisters and brother, he slipped out the door. Beyond the quiet lanes of Dasheng lilong, fire trucks and police cars sped by, sirens wailing. People buzzed about, seeking news and sharing rumors. Some said that thousands of people had been killed near the British racecourse, in the heart of the International Settlement.

Suddenly a hand clamped on to his arm. Benny jumped. It was his amah. “Young Master, you must come home now. Your mother is talking on the telephone with your father. He will be very angry if a bomb kills you!”Amah had been with the family for so long that she had been his mother’s amah too. On another day, Benny might have dared her to catch him, but he sensed that this was not the time. Back inside their home, he could hear his mother talking on the phone in his father’s study.

“What? In the International Settlement on Tibet Road? Thousands of people killed near the Great World?” She paused, then asked, “How is Grandfather?”

Benny straightened as his mother spoke of his beloved grandfather, whose large mansion was on Tibet Road, not far from the Great World Entertainment Center. His grandfather sometimes took him there to wander through its funhouse mirrors, roller-­skating rink, and multiple stories of curiosities and attractions. His mother disapproved, wary of the drunken sailors, beckoning women, and other unsavory characters who lingered there.

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Top reviews from the United States

Richard King
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
The stories of the four main charactors mirrow my own
Reviewed in the United States on February 14, 2019
Thank you for writing this story. The four main characters'' struggles and ultimate successes mirror my own. While we did not leave on the Last Boat we did experience many similar hardships and struggles. My parents first came to the U.S. in 1939, leaving my older brother... See more
Thank you for writing this story. The four main characters'' struggles and ultimate successes mirror my own. While we did not leave on the Last Boat we did experience many similar hardships and struggles. My parents first came to the U.S. in 1939, leaving my older brother and me with our grandparents when father went to Michigan to study for his masters degree. It was meant to be a short stay but the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941 changed all that. I would not see my parents until after WWII. Meanwhile my younger brother and sister were born in New York. Father did not stay that long and return to New York just before the Communists took over Shanghai in 1949. Father was born with a silver spoon in his mouth and did not expect he had to work to support a family. By the time we rejoined him in 1953. he was struggling. Mother the ever more practical person rolled up her sleeves and went to work. That was quite a challenge for a society woman whose father and father in law were two of the directors and founders of the Bank of China. We struggled. But somehow even at 12 and 14, my brother and I had a burning desire to study and work hard so that one day we could restore our family''s fortune and fame. We both worked and went to school at night and received our Ph.D. computer science in his case and nuclear physics in my case. He certainly succeeded. I did my best. We worked hard so that our kids would not have to go through what we had to. They all went to private schools and later Ivy League and other leading colleges and graduate schools. While we gave them all these worldly benefits I often wonder if we also robbed them of their drive. This is why Helen''s book, which I will share with my family is a reminder to them of what we had to go through and what they must not forget.
105 people found this helpful
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Hugo
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
An Epic Story indeed. Helen''s book is a masterpiece!
Reviewed in the United States on February 2, 2019
This book is a masterpiece of historical literature that will bring tears to your eyes with stories that you probably had no idea existed. Why had they not been told? Perhaps for many reasons, but one common thread is that it seems these remarkable emigrants who fled... See more
This book is a masterpiece of historical literature that will bring tears to your eyes with stories that you probably had no idea existed. Why had they not been told? Perhaps for many reasons, but one common thread is that it seems these remarkable emigrants who fled Shanghai 70 years needed a voice, and they could not have found a better writer to tell it than Helen Zia. As one of the four main characters of the book, Annuo Liu, exclaimed to Helen: “I’ve been waiting for someone to tell our story.”

The most poignant and compelling story of the book is that of Bing – the author’s own mother, who sailed on the last ship to leave Shanghai in 1949, the General Gordon. Helen’s recount of Bing’s life, from misery and poverty in war-torn China, to her narrow escape from Shanghai and her turbulent start in America, is a heart-wrenching but majestically loving tribute to her mother. Sadly, we learn from the acknowledgements – at the end of the book – that Bing suddenly died before Helen’s book was completed. Fortunately for Helen, her family and the rest of us, Bing’s story had already been recorded for posterity. We also recently learned from an op-ed in the New York Times that it was only through Helen’s dogged persistence that Bing’s story even emerged. Helen reveals that Bing kept it a secret because she “thought she was protecting her children by not telling us her harrowing tale of fleeing China.”

Helen’s book is such a warm and historically accurate page-turner that reading it brings to mind that old Walter Cronkite TV series called “You Are There.” Helen’s book was years in the making, involving painstaking research, travel and countless interviews that are explained in her acknowledgements and end notes. Officially launched a mere 10 days ago, Helen Zia’s book has received many rave reviews from other writers and sinophiles that incisively capture, much more eloquently than my Amazon review, why it’s such a great read. I think Harvard Professor Elizabeth J. Perry summed it up the best by describing The Last Boat as: “Impeccably researched and beautifully crafted ... Zia offers a warmly human perspective on one of the most wrenching political transitions of the twentieth century.”

Bing found her voice in Helen. It’s so sad that she did not live to see her story told in The Last Boat.
61 people found this helpful
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victoria
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Great book, albeit with one caution
Reviewed in the United States on September 27, 2019
This is such a wonderful book, I hate to write anything remotely negative. Perhaps it is best taken therefore, simply as a caution, for readers who might have the same experience as myself. . But perhaps because I am 80 years old (though a heavy reader all my life) I had a... See more
This is such a wonderful book, I hate to write anything remotely negative. Perhaps it is best taken therefore, simply as a caution, for readers who might have the same experience as myself. . But perhaps because I am 80 years old (though a heavy reader all my life) I had a difficult time keeping each of the 4 very personal stories fresh enough in my memory not to have to go back and review each one as it was taken up again after being interrupted by the telling of the others. If I had my druthers I would have liked for each individual story to be followed from beginning to end. Helen Zia may indeed have considered doing it that way, but I understand her choice to go by era rather than individual story because it was the best way to weave in the history surrounding the stories. That said, it''s a terrific book.
45 people found this helpful
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Clothesandhistory
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
EXCELLENT
Reviewed in the United States on January 27, 2019
What an amazing story, all true and so well written. If you feel sorry for yourself, read this book, and you''ll think twice. It shows how people can survive and thrive, even during the very worst of times. This book makes you CARE about each person''s journey. HIGHLY... See more
What an amazing story, all true and so well written. If you feel sorry for yourself, read this book, and you''ll think twice. It shows how people can survive and thrive, even during the very worst of times. This book makes you CARE about each person''s journey. HIGHLY RECOMMEND!!!
35 people found this helpful
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William G. Glazier
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Very compelling, puts a unique personal spin on the issue of immigration
Reviewed in the United States on February 4, 2019
Just a fabulous book. Knowing many friends who are first generation Chinese born in America, and whose parents came through Hong and Taiwan, it was amazing to see how immigrants can go from the top to the bottom in an instant. They left for their freedom, and in some... See more
Just a fabulous book. Knowing many friends who are first generation Chinese born in America, and whose parents came through Hong and Taiwan, it was amazing to see how immigrants can go from the top to the bottom in an instant. They left for their freedom, and in some cases probably for their lives, and the paths they took were not easy, not pretty, and certainly not always what they expected. But they persevered. You can not help but think of the current situation - whether the country is China, Mexico, Syria or anywhere - no one wants to leave what they call home, the decision to do so is terribly unsettling and fraught with danger. The ever-present distrust and discrimination and hatred directed against people who are different - by race, by religion, by color - is sadly a chorus that continues to repeat itself. 105 Chinese allowed per year in the United States? Ultimately every story is personal, and that is perhaps what the author wants to portray most - that each story is its own, unique, heartbreaking at times, but hopefully fulfilling.

A great book.
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Mal Warwick
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
They fled Shangai to escape war and revolution
Reviewed in the United States on February 3, 2021
When future historians look back at the most consequential events of the century just past, it seems likely they’ll place four or five episodes at the top of their lists. The Russian and Chinese Revolutions, of course. The thirty-year war that encompassed the two conflicts... See more
When future historians look back at the most consequential events of the century just past, it seems likely they’ll place four or five episodes at the top of their lists. The Russian and Chinese Revolutions, of course. The thirty-year war that encompassed the two conflicts we now call the First and Second World Wars. And decolonization, beginning with the independence of India. But at the very top of that list is almost certain to be the decades-long upheaval that culminated on October 1, 1949, with the founding of the People’s Republic of China. And Helen Zia has done an extraordinary job of portraying the decade that preceded it through the lives of four remarkable young people who fled Shanghai in Last Boat Out of Shanghai.

Four characters carry this eye-opening story

Zia uses the tools of biography to paint a wide-screen view of China’s troubled history from 1937, when Japan launched World War II by invading the country, to 1949 and beyond. Her principal subjects are two women and two men among the estimated one million Chinese who fled Shanghai as the Red Army neared the city.

Bing Woo

Bing Woo had been twice cast off as an unwanted girl child, first by her birth parents, then by an adoptive mother. In 1937 she was living with her third family, a “frightened girl of nine,” when Japan invaded Shanghai and other ports on China’s coast. And Bing was twenty when she stepped with her adoptive “Elder Sister,” Betty Woo, onto the General Gordon—the repurposed American warship put to work as the eponymous “last boat out of Shanghai”—en route to the United States. Three weeks after her departure, the People’s Liberation Army marched victorious into Shanghai.

Annabel Annuo Liu

Annuo (pronounced “ann-wah”) Liu was two in 1937. She was the daughter of a largely absentee father, an official in the Nationalist government, and a mother trained as a physician. Over the ensuing years, Annuo’s father was repeatedly promoted. Because his increasing visibility posed risks for the family, he forced them to leave the city and undertake a long and perilous journey to join him in the interior.

He repeated the practice in 1949, sending them from Hangzhou (near Shanghai) to Hong Kong, en route to Taiwan. There, he forebade Annuo’s mother to work. “He could not tolerate losing face by having a working wife.” At the same time, he imposed a long list of unreasonable restrictions on the thirteen- and fourteen-year-old girl. She was a star student desperate to enroll at Taiwan’s leading university to study English literature, but he stood in the way of that, too, forcing her to take up the law instead.

Benny Pan

The image at left shows Benny Pan as a teenage bodybuilder attempting to please his powerful father. At nine years of age, Benny was “a privileged child of Shanghai,” living in the luxurious confines of the French Concession when war broke out in 1937. His father, Pan Zhijie, later known as C. C. Pan, was a well-to-do accountant with the British-run Shanghai Municipal Police. Following the invasion, he secured first one promotion, then another, eventually ending up as Police Commissioner for the region that encompassed the gangster-dominated Badlands.

Pan Zhijie swore an oath to the notorious Green Gang, which closely collaborated with Chiang Kai-shek and his Nationalist Party. After the invasion, Benny’s father—and the Green Gang—switched sides. They actively collaborated with the Japanese, presiding over the torture and execution of suspected Chinese Nationalist and Communist agents alike, gaining great wealth as a result. Late in 1948, Benny’s father was imprisoned by Nationalist troops on their return to the city. To escape the association with him, Benny fled Shanghai for the interior at age twenty.

Ho Chow

Ho Chow, thirteen in 1937, was “the playful second son” of a family of “landowning gentry for generations.” They lived in an enormous compound behind a moat in the farming town of Changshu in the fertile Yangtze River Delta. The boy was unusually bright, with “a gift in mathematics and science,” and fiercely pursued his studies, often against great odds during the war and the turmoil and uncertainty that followed it. He graduated first in his class from Shanghai’s Jiao Tong University, the “MIT of China.”

In 1947, Ho emigrated to Ann Arbor to study mechanical engineering at the University of Michigan, determined to acquire the tools he’d need to launch an automobile manufacturing company. After much difficulty with the INS, he managed to obtain work for an American company, where over the years he garnered “more than sixty industrial design patents.” And he did in fact found a small company of his own in New Jersey.

Eventually, all four—Bing, Annuo, Benny, and Ho—ended up in the United States and married. And they all later patronized the same Shanghainese restaurant in Manhattan, where they might well have encountered one another.

A time of terrible trouble

All the while she recounts the intimate and all too often excruciatingly painful stories of her four subjects’ lives, Zia surveys the disintegrating society in which they lived. To grasp the tumultuous reality of China in that era it’s no surprise that more than one million people fled Shanghai.

** Inexpressible cruelty and sadism practiced by the invading Japanese troops, their “scorched-earth approach of ‘Kill all, loot all, burn all''” displayed most dramatically in the Rape of Nanjing and in their use of “special bombs containing fleas infected with bubonic plague, cholera, anthrax, and other deadly germs.”

** The utter incompetence of Chiang’s Nationalist government, which seemed at times to exist merely to enrich him and the members of his family with billions siphoned from American aid and onerous taxes on the population.

** Chiang’s sociopathic disregard for the life of his countrymen, illustrated most profoundly when “as many as eight hundred thousand civilians drowned after the Nationalist army blew up dams holding back the Yellow River” to slow the Japanese advance.

** The collapse of the Chinese economy in runaway inflation, which impoverished hundreds of millions.

** Decades long-civil war between Nationalists and Communists, only sporadically interrupted by cooperation to resist the Japanese

A wrenching, eight-year war while revolution simmered

The eight-year war during which Japanese troops occupied large swaths of China dominates the stories unfolding in Last Boat Out of Shanghai. And Zia reveals facts about the war that are little mentioned in other accounts.

For example, “the Imperial Japanese Command had planned for Shanghai to fall in three days.” It took them three months. And “they had expected China to surrender in three months.” Those three months stretched to eight years. There’s an old joke that casts light on the challenge the Japanese faced. The two opposing armies have met in a big battle. Three hundred thousand Chinese die, but just 50,000 Japanese. Then another big battle takes place. There, 250,000 more Chinese die, and 75,000 Japanese. Pretty soon, the joke goes, “no more Japanese.” The seemingly inexhaustible demographic reserves of China, with its population then of half a billion, simply wore down the Japanese military machine. The Imperial Army won nearly every battle but emerged from the war thoroughly beaten.

After the Revolution

Although Zia devotes the lion’s share of her attention to the war years and the troubled time of revolution and civil war that followed, she pursues the stories of all four of her subjects after October 1, 1949 as well.

** For Benny Pan, who remained in mainland China for decades, the experience included the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution, and years of ill treatment at the hands of authorities because of his class background.

** Annuo Lu suffered through life as an impoverished refugee in Hong Kong until she was able at length to travel across the water to Taiwan. There, she and her family remained stranded for years, enduring the dislocations and harsh rule of the Kuomintang government as well as her tyrannical father.

** Both Bing Woo and Ho Chow fled Shanghai and made their way directly to the United States, where they learned first-hand how many roadblocks immigrants face in a xenophobic society.

About the author

Chinese-American journalist Helen Zia (born 1952) is considered a key figure in the Asian-American movement and is active in promoting LGBTQ rights. Last Boat Out of Shanghai is her third book. It was inspired by the experiences of the war and the revolution she heard from her mother, Bing Woo.
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Charlotte V
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Couldn''t put it down
Reviewed in the United States on February 4, 2019
This human face of Chinese and American history is presented in such interesting and compelling real life stories that it was hard to put the book down; I found myself thinking about the characters during the day and wanted to get back to reading what happened next. An... See more
This human face of Chinese and American history is presented in such interesting and compelling real life stories that it was hard to put the book down; I found myself thinking about the characters during the day and wanted to get back to reading what happened next. An excellent book, well-written and insightful into history -- Chinese and American.
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Ann
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Terrific book
Reviewed in the United States on June 6, 2019
I read this book with my book club. I’ve been part of this group for 5 years. We almost never agree on books that we like, but this was a rare instance where we all loved the book. The history was fascinating and the writing was riveting. It was compressive and... See more
I read this book with my book club. I’ve been part of this group for 5 years. We almost never agree on books that we like, but this was a rare instance where we all loved the book. The history was fascinating and the writing was riveting. It was compressive and well-researched. Although the four main characters grew up in circumstances that were very different from our experiences, each of us found that we were able to identify with small or large pieces of their lives. What makes the book so compelling and sad, yet hopeful, is that these stories from the past are also stories of the present.
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Top reviews from other countries

Kindle Customer
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Shanghai
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on October 16, 2020
I lived in Shanghai for 15 years worked in formerly French area on doing ping road .this was great eye opener for me as a louwai always wanted to know the history from this time great read
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KH
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
An untold story is finally told
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on August 3, 2019
To understand more about the process of the Shanghainese fleeing Shanghai (late 1940s) told through real characters. Fascinating intense read.
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Kindle Customer
2.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
A very good read. Highly recommended
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on August 9, 2021
Excellant. A fascinating, historical and very moving as the lives of the children move into adult hood. Also very shocking when one sees the privations they suffered during the war torn years. Interesting also to read their experiences and tribulations in the USA! This is...See more
Excellant. A fascinating, historical and very moving as the lives of the children move into adult hood. Also very shocking when one sees the privations they suffered during the war torn years. Interesting also to read their experiences and tribulations in the USA! This is all about the Chinese for a change!
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gloria
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Good
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on September 16, 2021
Gave westerners / even Asians prelim understanding of old Chinese era time
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Mark
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Enjoy the book
Reviewed in Australia on September 20, 2020
Good
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